Originally posted 2018. Reference guide below last updated February 9, 2020
It’s no secret that I’m a big fan of edible flowers. A large percentage of the cocktails I share everyday here and on Instagram feature floral garnishes, and I’m moderately obsessed with wandering around in the field behind our house looking for things I can eat, turn into a syrup, or use as a garnish.
There’s just something so naturally appealing about flowers. They can transform a tasty but visually lacking drink into a masterpiece, take a cake from boring to extraordinary, or add unique, delicate, sweet or vegetal flavors to a weeknight dinner.
With the last few weeks of summer closing in, I was inspired to assemble a collection of some of the easy-to-identify edible flowers and plants from around my yard and create a cocktail inspired by all of this summer’s foraging. Below you’ll find a list of common edible flowers that make for gorgeous garnishes. Some you can find in your backyard, others are easy to find in stores or online. I recommend ordering online from Gourmet Sweet Botanicals. I’ve always had a good experience with them and they have a wonderful variety of flowers and other plants to choose from.
Fleabane, a common tiny, daisy-like flower
Below I’ve started a list of some of the edible flowers and plants I’m familiar with. This list is by no means exhaustive, and mainly focuses on what’s readily available to me or native to New England. I will add to the list as I come across new flowers and I’ll update with more photos as I have the opportunity to shoot them!
If you’re looking to purchase edible flowers, I have come across a few sites and the one that seems to have the best selection is Gourmet Sweet Botanicals. I’ve now ordered from them a few times and I’ve been really happy with their products!
A List of Edible Flowers to Elevate your Garnish Game
IMPORTANT: Never eat a plant or flower if you cannot identify it with absolute certainty. Many flowers are toxic and may look like those that are edible. Use common sense and if in doubt, don’t eat it! Flowers from florists or grocery stores have been treated with pesticides and should not be eaten unless labeled as edible.
For quick reference, here is a list of some common plants that ARE NOT safe to eat: rhododendron, azalea, daffodil, hydrangea, ranunculus, lily, lily of the valley, foxglove, oleander.
New England Aster
Aster, New England
Symphyotrichum novae angliae. Both the leaves and flowers are edible.
Monarda didyma. Bright pink to purple colored blossoms. Also called Bergamot because of the scent and flavor resemblance to the citrus fruit of the same name. Red blossoms have a minty flavor.
Bluets (the white flowers. Purple ones are lilacs)
Houstonia coerulea. Tiny blue to white flowers with four petals. Very mild vegetal flavor.
Borago officinalis. Beautiful blue blossoms with a mild cucumber flavor.
Calendula officinalis. Also called Marigold. Orange to yellow colored blossoms. Flavor can range but is somewhat characteristic of saffron.
Dianthus caryophyllus. Carnations are a species of Dianthus. Wide variety of colors. Petals have sweet to spicy flavor. Cut the white base of the petals off to avoid bitter flavors. One of the ingredients in the mysterious Chartreuse secret recipe!
Matricaria recutita. Slightly bitter, sweet, earthy, somewhat floral flavor.
Chrysanthemum coronarium. A wide variety of colors. Slightly bitter, vegetal flavor with a strong green scent. Eat petals only.
Aquilegia canadensis (red) and aquilegia caerulea (Colorado blue) ONLY. Flowers only.
Dried cornflower petals
Centaurea cynaus. Also called Bachelor’s Button. Bright blue blossoms with clove flavor.
Edible petals. Flavors range from mild water chestnut to apple to carrot.
Taraxacum officinalis. Fluffy, yellow flowers. Honey flavor when flowers are small and young.
Hemerocallis. Orange and yellow, six petaled blooms. Slightly sweet, lettuce-like flavor. I love to toss these in salads. Use caution when foraging as true LILIES are not safe to eat.
Dianthus (Bridal white star)
Wide range of colors and varieties. Often a somewhat spicy flavor and aroma. Consume petals only, avoid the bitter tasting white ends of the petals.
Oenothera biennis. Also called Sundrop. Beautiful yellow, four petaled blossoms. Slightly sweet flavor.
Fleabane (tall daisy-like flower) and oregano blossoms
Erigeron annuus. Tiny white, daisy-like flowers with many spiky white petals. Mild, vegetal flavor.
Forsythia x intermedia. Clusters of small, bright yellow, four petaled flowers. Blooms early in spring. Honey-like to green in flavor.
(Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, cherry, apple, pear): Many are edible, in moderation. Research individual varieties for more information.
exotic, two tone blossoms. Both flowers and berries are edible.
Pelargonium. Scented geraniums are edible and taste like their individual scent variety.
Goldenrod (left) and Moonbeam Coreopsis
Solidago cnadensis. Long clusters of tiny, bright yellow flowers. All aerial parts of the plant can be eaten.
(Yellow and orange): Hieracium. Related to dandelions. Also called “devil’s paintbrush”. Bright yellow or orange fluffy blossoms.
(Basil, thyme, mint, oregano, sage): Research individual varieties for more information. Often very concentrated flavors and aromas.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Blossoms range from white to deep red. Sweet, tart, acidic flavor.
All varieties cultivated in the United States are edible. Colors range from white to purple. Mild, vegetal, slightly bitter flavor.
Cornus kousa. NOTE: Most dogwood varieties are NOT edible. The kousa dogwood has edible flowers and berries. White, rigid flowers with four petals.
Lavandula angustifolia. Pretty, tall purple flowers. Clean, sweet, floral flavor.
Syringa vulgaris. Large clusters of pale purple or white blossoms. Strong floral scent and flavor.
Magnolia grandiflora. Intense flavor comparable to scent. Best pickled.
Marigold: See Calendula.
Moonbeam Coreopsis (left)
Coreopsis verticillata. Also known as Tickseed. Yellow flowers with delicate petals and leaves.
Tropaeolum majus. One of the most popular edible flowers. Wide range of colors. Peppery flavor.
All flowers of the family Orchidaceae are considered safe to eat, although some may cause stomach upset.
Viola x wittrockiana. Many colors available. Very mild flavor. Some are sweet, some are more grassy.
Paeonia lactiflora. Variety of colors. Petals are fragrant and slightly sweet.
Phlox paniculata. PERRENNIAL variety ONLY. Tall, brightly colored flowers in clusters. Spicy flavor.
Queen Anne’s Lace / Wild Carrot
Queen Anne’s Lace
Daucus carota. Also called Wild Carrot. Lacey, white blooms. Mild carrot-like flavor. Take care not to confuse with other similar looking plants that are toxic. Look for a hairy stem.
Trifolium. Sweet, licorice-like flavor.
Rosa rugosa, R. gallica officinalis. Wide range of colors. Characteristic flavor and aroma.
Helianthus annus. Petals and young unopened buds are edible. Petals have a bittersweet flavor.
Curcubita pepo. Yellow blossoms. Mild, squash-like flavor.
Tulipa. Only the petals are edible. Pea-like or lettuce-like flavor. Vegetal. Never consume the bulbs.
Viola. Small violet-purple-blue flowers with a very sweet, floral flavor.
All varieties grown in the United States produce edible flowers, but ONLY the flowers, other parts are VERY poisonous and should never be consumed! Pale purple flowers that grow in large clusters. Very perfumey, characteristic flavor. Green parts have a bitter flavor.
Oxalis. Very easy to identify with heart-shaped leaves and small yellow flowers. No toxic plants are similar looking. Classic cartoon “clover” appearance (true clover actually have oval leaves, not heart-shaped leaves). Sour, lemon-y flavor. All parts are edible.
Achillea millefolium. Clusters of small white flowers with yellow centers. Sweet, herbal and bitter flavor.
Photos from my foraging adventures
Queen Anne’s Lace / Wild Carrot
Top center: Goldenrod, below that is Fleabane (white daisy-like flowers). Right: Queen Anne’s Lace (white, lacy flowers and spiky leaves). Bottom: Yellow hawkweed, Plantain leaf. Center: Red clover, Basil flower, Dandelion leaves. Left: Purple hosta blossoms.
In addition to being top notch garnishes, wild edibles make a lovely addition to salads, soups, crudite or charcuterie platters.
I gathered a basketful, gave them a thorough shake (to remove any lurking little creatures), a good rinse, and a gentle pat dry, and served them as a topping for a large garden salad with an oxymel-based dressing.
What is an oxymel?
Oxymels are a delicious way to preserve the flavors of summer and create herbal or floral infusions to use in cocktails, salad dressings, as herbal medicine, or diluted with sparkling water like a shrub.
An oxymel, meaning ‘acid + honey’, is just that – a mixture of equal parts honey and vinegar. I like to use local wildflower honey and organic apple cider vinegar.
You can combine both ingredients in a jar, shake it well, and enjoy as is, or you can add herbs or other botanicals and let it sit for a few weeks to make an infusion.
My current favorite oxymel to make is elderberry, which is both delicious and good for you!
In today’s garden-fresh cocktail recipe, I’ve use a touch of rosemary & thyme infused oxymel combined with blueberry syrup, Standard Wormwood Distillery’s Wormwood gin, lime juice, and an absinthe rinse.
This complex, herbal gin sour is garnished with a miniature garden of tiny edibles (from left to right: Queen Anne’s lace leaf, yellow hawkweed, red clover (back), fleabane daisy, oregano leaf, purple basil blossom.)
Garden Variety Gin Sour
- 2 oz gin I used Standard Wormwood Distillery's Gin
- 1 oz freshly squeezed lime juice
- 3/4 oz blueberry syrup (1 part water, 1 part sugar, 2 parts blueberries)
- 1/4 oz rosemary & thyme infused oxymel syrup
- 1 egg white
- Add less than a 1/4 ounce of absinthe to a chilled cocktail glass and swirl to coat. Discard absinthe.
- Shake remaining ingredients hard without ice for about 1 minute. Add ice and shake until chilled.
- Strain into absinthe-rinsed cocktail glass and garnish with tiny edible flowers and herbs.